Let me share with you the interesting points about the Indian festivals. India is a country that has so many religions and festivals. Name a day and you will find a festival on that day. Each festival has different names in each state and is celebrated in a different authentic manner.
Every festival in India is celebrated from ancient Indian tradition and offers a beautiful time with our friends and family.
Here is a list of the Holiday Calendar that is celebrated in the country. Plan your holidays around these festivals and explore the different cultures of India.
Let’s get started
|1st January||New Year|
|14th January||Makar Sankranti|
|26th January||Republic Day|
|16th February||Vasant Panchami|
|28th March||Holika Dahana|
|2nd April||Good Friday|
|4th April||Easter Day|
|13th April||Ugadi / Gudi Padwa|
|21st April||Ram Navami|
|14th May||Ramzan id/ Eid-ul-Fitar|
|26th May||Buddha Purnima/ Vesak|
|12th July||Rath Yatra|
|24th July||Guru Purnima|
|22nd August||Raksha Bandhan|
|10th September||Ganesh Chaturthi|
|2nd October||Gandhi Jayanti|
|13th October||Maha Ashtami|
|14th October||Maha Navami|
|24th October||Karwa Chauth|
|5th November||Govardhan Puja|
|6th November||Bhai Dooj|
|10th November||Chhat Puja|
|19th November||Guru Nanak Jayanti|
Here are some of the major festivals celebrated in India.
1. New Year
NewYear never hits normally just by sharing the wishes to friends and families, the first day starts with the crackers applauding everywhere into the sky sharing its light of hope that each should carry such prosperity in our hearts
As we raise our glasses, we put down all our sorrows and dark shade of our life looking after the new beginning. And it’s not about that one day, every new year resembles the importance of carrying the same energy throughout the year to stay healthy and happy.
2. Makar Sankranti
Makar Sankranti is the first major festival in India and is celebrated as the end of the winter season and the beginning of a sun’s northward journey. It is also known as the festival of harvest and it is both a religious well as seasonal observance.
The festival is known from different names in different states and the celebration differs and it falls on 13th and 14th of January most of the time.
Makar Sankranti is known by different names such as Lohri in Punjab, Makar Sankranti in Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka and Telangana, Sukarat in central India, Magh Bihu in Assam, and Thai Pongal or Pongal in Tamil Nadu.
3.Holi – Festival of Colors – Indian Festivals
Holi is the festival of colors and the second biggest festival in the Hindu calendar. It is also known as the festival of spring. Earlier it was known as Holika. It celebrates an ultimate triumph of the ‘good’ over the ‘evil’.
Holi also celebrates the love of Radha Krishna and is famous in Mathura Vrindavan. The celebration continues for 2 days, the first day is called Holika Dahan and the second day is called Holi.
According to the Hindu calendar, the festival of Ugadi falls on the first day of Chaitra month. This festival is celebrated in the month of April every year.
Ugadi is celebrated as the Hindu new year so people take hot oil baths, Rongalis are drawn in front of the doors, windows are decorated with mango leaves, pooja will be done to god.
Ramzan is also known as Ramadan, Ramathan, and Ramadhan among Muslims. During this time they fast for a whole month to worship Allah. After fasting for a whole month and breaking the fast on Eid-eid-fitr celebration. It starts the day after Ramadan ends and lasts for three days.
Ramadan is celebrated because during this time Muhammad received the initial revelations of what became the Quran.
Onam is one of the known festivals in India and famous in Kerala. The celebration is done to honor the kind-hearted Demon king Mahabali, who people believe will return during this time of the year.
Usually, Onam falls during the month of August or September and the beginning of the Malayalam year called Kolla Varsham. During this time people take hot baths, offer prayers to god and women wear white and gold saree called Kasavu saree. In Kerala, you can also see different activities which take place, like Boat race, tiger dance, Tug of war and many more.
6. Raksha Bandhan
Do you know what is the meaning behind Raksha Bandhan? Raksha means “Safety” and Bandhan means “bond”. This festival is famous in the north part of India and is the celebration of the bond between brothers and sisters.
It is also said that during the period of Mahabharat Lord Krishna got this finger injured and Draupadi tore a piece from her saree and tied it to his finger. That is when Lord Krishna loved the gesture and the loveable nature and promised to always protect her.
On this day sister ties Rakhi which symbolizes the safety of the brother and vice versa. Usually, gifts and sweets are exchanged during this time.
50+ Thoughtful Rakhi Gift Ideas For Sisters & Brothers
Janmashtami is also known as Gokulashtami, is celebrated on the occasion of the birth of Lord Krishna. The occasion is observed especially in Mathura, the birthplace of the lord. On this particular day, people fast till midnight, the hour of the lord’s birth, and then the image of his is bathed, dressed, and worshiped.
Temples and houses are decorated with flowers and leaves to welcome Lord Krishna and sweets are distributed to all the households.
Ganesha Chaturthi is celebrated on the rebirth of Lord Ganesh. Lord Parvathi created a human with the clay or the earth from her body to give life to Lord Ganesh.
During this time of the year, there is a belief that Ganesha will come to the house in the form of an idol. He is worshipped with elaborate rituals for 10 or more days and after this period of time, the statue is ceremoniously immersed in the water.
Karwa Chauth is a significant day where married Hindu women fast for a day and pray for their husband’s long life and health. During this day women will worship the God Parvathi and didactic a story which is narrated by an elderly woman before the fast is over.
It is also said that during the period of Mahabrath Draupadi fasted for her husband’s safety at the time of war and the Pandavas were able to face their problems and overcome them.
Who doesn’t like Diwali? Everyone does right. Bursting crackers, distributing sweets, exchanging gifts, and buying new clothes is the best time of the year. The celebration is done on the occasion of the arrival of Lord Rama, his wife Sita Devi, and brother Lakshmana to their homeland after 14 years. The village lit lights on the path of Rama who had defeated the devil Ravana.
People also say that Lord Krishna killed Narakasura on the same day and freed people of his kingdom.
There are so many different stories behind Diwali in different cultures.
Christmas is a joyful occasion of the year that is celebrated to remember the birth of Jesus Christ. This festival is not only acknowledged by Christians but by everyone around the world.
Children love this time because of all the gifts they get and family and friends come together and share the good things and thoughts.
Frequently asked question
How do festivals affect tourism?
Festivals carry a positive impact on tourism because of the interesting things done using time. It usually attracts Foreign people who are not familiar with the Indian culture and they find this very interesting.
Why are festivals so important?
Festivals are an expressive way to celebrate glorious heritage, culture, and traditions. They help us to reconnect with our family and our culture.
Which religion has the most festivals?
According to the holiday calendar, Hindus have the most number of festivals during a year.
What are the examples of festivals?
Some of the major festivals are Diwali, Christmas, Ganesha Chaturthi, Janmashtami, Onam, Makar Sankranti, Ramzan, and Holi.
What are the bad effects of festivals on the environment?
1.Noise pollution during Diwali
2.Water pollution during Ganesh Chaturthi
So here was the 2021 Indian Festivals and Holidays Calendar. Celebrate all the festivals responsibly and safely because this is the best time of the year and we usually forget the other side where we unknowingly harm Mother nature.