Wild cats are the other members of the cat family, which the most famous species category in wildlife. Wildlife has come to a cutting edge leaving all other creatures and species as modernization starts to bloat up.
Many species like Rhinos, Gorillas, wild cats, Elephants, etc., are on the verge of extinction due to changes in human civilization.
Notably, Indian Tigers, which fall under wild cats are on the lower side of the population, affecting the complete ecosystem once they begin to the shortfall.
Perhaps the most popular pet on earth, the family cat is always a member of households. In contrast, other wild cats flourishing independently outdoors, hunting other animals and small species, helping humans to survive without affecting the food chain.
As we protect the so-called civilizations, we are in a position to prevent Wildlife too.
In this article, out of forty existing hunters, let me introduce ten different Wild cat species with which need to be protected for human survival.
Table of Contents
The Royal Bengal Tiger – India’s giant wild cats
Fact says that the Royal Bengal Tiger is one of India’s most giant wild cats elusively living on earth where most of the population exists in India and rests in Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal.
They are primarily territorial and spent mostly caging themselves into waterholes, grasslands, and caves.Despite being a flagship species, it has benefitted from conserving the largest dense forested area with its presence.
But the population has declined drastically over the past decades, and we nearly left 3000 nos as the known figure is the most brutal truth to believe.
India should know that the tigers in the forest are an indicator of the well-being of the ecosystem, else everything would collapse.
Asiatic Lioness – Jungle Queen
Formerly known as “Jungle Queen” and usually a Solo hunter, they will be spotted
highly in Gir forest, India.
They carry the pride compared to male lions; the dry scrubland area of Gujarat served as the final holdout and remained Asia’s foothold for this species.
Though a recent survey suggests a population boost, unfortunately, dozens of deaths have also been recorded over the first half of last year.
Sadly, most of them were hunted nearly to extinction, leaving few by the late ’80s.
Amur leopards are the rarest in the cat family and one of the subspecies of leopards generally found in North-East China and East Russia.
As per the research on population census, they had dwindled to fewer than 30 + individuals considering them one of the world’s most jeopardized species among the cat family.
In winters, they sustain only with their camouflage-coated fur. If they had a chance to survive climatic conditions, many factors related to human activities such as Poaching, Forest fires, Inbreeding and Infrastructure developments, etc., have become a primary threat to their existence.
As a state of pride during the British era, the Maharaja’s governance hunted down three-fourth populations of cheetahs. Later, the Indian government has spent more than two to three decades bringing cheetahs back.
Asiatic cheetahs are mostly spotted over the grasslands of India, Russia, Pakistan, and Iran. They are nearly wiped out by habitat degradation, excessive hunting, and scarcity of prey species which again falls at human feet.
Cheetahs being a part of natural and cultural heritage to many arid countries, is critically endangered, affecting the everyday natural happenings in many ways.
The black leopard has almost become a mythical status and rarely seen species throughout any range.
They were generally known for their “Melanism” because of their dark skin and live chiefly in the hot, tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia and other southern skirts of India, Burma, Nepal, and Malaysia.
Though they remain less, many habitual activities like implementing projects, cutting down trees, poachers killing for their black-skin coats are still sold secretly, creating demand in the market are the major threats they suffer.
One of the most spread and quite common species in the Indian jungle. They are usually seen in wetlands, shrubs, dense vegetative forests, and meadows.
Their appearance provides a feel of a household family cat but a bit lankier and regular predators too.
Being called “Swamp or reed cats,” only these species have a staple population in the wild due to their habitat tolerance and adaptive nature…
They are put under the Least Concern category, just making themselves survive in the small fields.
Indo-Chinese clouded Leopard is one of India’s smallest big cats, was secretive, and will maintain a low profile into the wild.
They are solitary and have grey-cloud-shaped marks on coats with striped cheeks.
This appearance will closely make them vulnerable, leading to endangerment.
The numbers are in decline. However, there are no accurate findings of the total population anywhere.
In addition to chronic disturbance, they are targeted by many commercial hunters for their skins, bones, and meat helping consumers in both medical and fashion trends.
A mysterious cat species is now on the verge of disappearance from Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and the deserts of Rajasthan.
The word Caracal means “Black ears” and can withstand for an extended period without drinking.
As desert animals, they rest during hot hours and hunt in more relaxed night and evening hours.
The actual number is unknown, but they are widespread and are considered rare. Locals/Poultry raiders would shoot on sight the moment they found them.
As so the name, they are found in high altitudes of mighty Himalayas, and for millennia, they were used to be the King of mountains.
Also, they are renowned as the only top predator of high altitude and became a symbol indicator of that ecological range.
Humans are the sole predators of snow leopards in India, and activities like hunting, habitat loss, and retaliatory killings are the main reasons this big cat is under threat.
External factors like climatic change pose the greatest long-term threat to snow leopards. These impacts could result in a loss of up to more than 30 percent of the snow leopard habitat in the Himalayas alone.
The forest-dwelling cat, which is about the size of a domestic one but rather long in legs.
Its leopard-like coloring is mainly found near India and Southeast Asia and seems to have more tolerance for deforestation and another alteration habitat.
It has been observed in pairs or with dependent young in deep jungle and forests. And there are some lists of threats where we might lose a particular family of species if this continues.
One major threat is skin trade, as their skins are the primary choice in the Asian market for commercial use.
Hence, with this article, I hope now you understand how important it is to maintain and protect Wildlife since each species is interlinked. If they thrive, so will countless other creatures and humans.
My only suggestion is IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has to focus on developing and scaling up solutions to prevent them from human threats and improving the wild cats living habitat.
Thanks for your valuable time. Please let me know if I missed out on any other in the list; also, drop your suggestions in the comment section.
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Save Wilderness !! Save wild cats !!