Animal World

Indian Dog Breeds – 14 Best Dog Breeds In India 2021

In India People prefer foreign breeds like German shepherds, Retrievers, Doberman, and others. But only a few would choose Indian breeds.
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Most people usually love dogs, call it fascination or obsession or social conformity.

People prefer foreign breeds like German shepherds, Retrievers, Doberman, and others. But only a few would choose Indian breeds.

Indian dog breeds are found in village streets, and most of them used as hunting dogs and herding dogs. 

Villages know the actual value, and people living in cities with these dogs would love to have one.

You might be thinking about whether they are used only for hunting? 

If you are dog owner, you might also known the type of dog food to be given

Well, no, they are helpful in many ways. You can pet a few also, and they would love to perform in shows and competitions too if you train them properly.

List of 14 Top Indian Dog Breeds

So here is a list of amazing Indian dog breeds with pictures that you might like.

Rajapalayam Dog

Rajapalayam Dog Breeds
Rajapalayam Dog Breeds

Rajapalayam is an Indian Sighthound and the purest breed of hunting dogs, predominantly hunting wild boar.

It is also known as poligar hound, or Indian ghost hounds, is a south India. It hails from Rajapalayam, a town in Virudhunagar District, Tamil Nadu.

They are one of the best dog in India used by herders, and people used to call them “The Born Hunters”. Armies also use themon the borders of Kashmir.

Although the breed dates back many generations, the breed’s founders unwittingly created an albino dog with pigmentation lack ness and a pink nose.

  • Lifespan: 10 to 12 yrs
  • Weight : 22 to 25 kgs
  • Breed Nature: Adaptable for rural and urban as well (If exercised sufficiently)

Bully Kutta 

Bully Kutta

The Bully kutta, also known as the Indian Mastiff is a working dog originating from 16th century. It’s mainly from Punjab and Pakistan regions including Haryana and Delhi as well as Tamil Nadu.

It was a favorite pet of ruling family of Tanjavur and Mughal emperor Akbar used while hunting.

Bully Kutta translates literally into a heavily wrinkled Dog. The word Bully derives from the root word of the Bohli languages Hindi-Urdu and Punjabi, meaning heavily wrinkled and Kutta means dog.

They are thick-boned with a muscular structure that has a mix of British and Indian mastiffs. People normally are used for herding and guarding dogs.

They are the most common choice for guard dogs but unfortunately, many of these dogs are still bred and nurtured for dog fighting purposes.

  • Lifespan:  8 to10 yrs
  • Weight: 70 to 90 Kgs
  • Breed Nature: Trainable, Aggressive, and Protective 

Kanni Dog

Kanni Dog

Kanni means “Pure” It’s an indigenous royal dog from South India. It originated from the villages around Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi districts.

Kanni, also known as Chippiparai mainly used for coursing. It’s known as the “Maiden’s Beat Master,” which defends the territory from wild animals and is also used to guard the house.

Bred by royal families in Chippiparai, Tamil Nadu district of Virudhunagar, it has been maintained as a sign of royalty and honor mostly by the rulers of Tirunelveli and Madurai.

It is one of the rarest on the list, almost on the verge of extinction. Due to the lack of proper specimen available, no adequate effort has been taken to revive the Kanni.

  • Lifespan: 14 to 16 yrs
  • Weight : 16 to 22 kgs 
  • Breed Nature: Agile and Protective 

Indian Spitz 

Indian Spitz

The Indian Spitz looks like Pomeranian. Samoyed & German Spitz is a small dog with a soft neck and medium tail with a pure white double coat of about 33cm(13inc).

It was one of the most popular breeds in the 1980 s and 1990 s. It’s high-spirited, intelligent, alert, and obedient.

This is one of the dogs which has fox-like ears that makes this dog highly expressive. Thick hair protects the outside of the ears and also covers many of the insides. This means that when it comes to treatment and grooming, they need extra attention.

An Indian Spitz’s tail curls over their back and is pretty fluffy. Their legs are not very long, being just a little shorter than their bodies, making their heads look big and cute. One of the easiest dogs to live with maybe the Indian Spitz. That’s why among dog breeds, they are arguably the most popular family dog.

They are easily housebroken and trainable, so they will learn to do their business outside from an early age. It is relatively low maintenance to groom and exercise, and dogs are highly adaptable.

  • Lifespan: 10 to 14 years.
  • Weight : 12 to 20 kgs
  • Breed Nature: Domestic, Friendly, and aggressive towards strangers

GADDI KUTTA 

Gaddi Kutta

Gaddi Kutta is a mastiff-type mountain dog found in northern India, especially in the western Himalayan region and Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

It’s often confused with Tibetan Mastiff, but It’s an Indian mastiff, also known as Himalayan Sheepdog, Indian Panther Hounds, and Mahidant Mastiff and Bhutia, the former referring to the skills of the breed and the latter to its heritage.

They are one of the dangerous breeds and can be found herding flocks of sheep with the shepherd, commonly known as Gaddis.

  • Lifespan: 10 to 12 yrs
  • Weight : 35 to 45 kgs
  • Breed nature: Friendly, Intelligent, calm, ferocious, and territorial.

Kombai Dog

Kombai Dog

The Kombai dog is found in the native of Tamil Nadu, known for its toughness and loyalty.

They are almost pushed to the brink of extinction. Still, dog lovers have revived them across Tamilnadu, which played a crucial role in popularising in other states.

They are brilliant and powerful, make excellent guard dogs, and are usually used for hunting.

They are incredibly loyal and affectionate to their owner and family.

  • Lifespan: 13 to14 yrs
  • Weight : 15 to 20 kgs
  • Breed Nature: Aggressive and Savage  

Mudhol Hound 

Mudhol Hound

Mudhol Hound, also known as Martha hound, Pashmi hound, and the Kathiawar dogs, is a sighthound from India mainly used for hunting and guarding around Mudhol town Karnataka.

It gets its name from a place called Bagalkot. It was called the caravan hounds by the Britishers.

They are to be found in Karnataka, Maharashtra, and a few parts of Telangana.

  • Lifespan: 10 to 12 yrs
  • weight : 10 to 14 kgs
  • Breed Nature: Loyal, Graceful and Courageous

Bakhrawal Dog 

Bakhrawal Dog

Bakharwal Dog is found in the Himalayan range of Northern India.
It’s an ancient breed found across the Pir Panjal Range, where it has been bred for many centuries by the Bakarwal and Gujjar tribes.

Bakarwal is a medium to a big, strong, heavy bone dog. It is an athletic and vigorous breed, a typical mountain dog with a fluffy coat and plumy tail that gives it a majestic appearance. It looks like Tibetan Mastiff’s medium version.

It’s primarily black at the toes and chest with white. They have a vegan diet consisting mainly of rice chaff, maize, and milk rolls, but some people also claim that they can be fed meat.

  • Lifespan: 8 to 12 yrs
  • Weight : 25 to 35 kgs
  • Breed Nature: Loyal, Rugged and Serious

Indian Pariah Dog  

Indian Pariah Dog

Indian pariah dogs are also known as (देशी) pariah. It’s the oldest breeds in the sub-continent. It is considered one of the toughest and healthiest.

They live among humans and are quite comfortable and makes good guard and police dogs.

It is a square, medium-sized body with a slightly rectangular form and short hair. The dog’s fur is double, a coarse upper coat, and a soft undercoat.

They can make good pets if raised from pets and will protect their owners.

  • Life span: 10 to 12 yrs
  • Weight: 15 to 25 yrs
  • Breed Nature: adaptable to any climate conditions and smartest breed on Indian soil.

Kumaon Mastiff

Kumaon Mastiff

Kumaon Mastiff is one of the most muscular breeds, mainly found in Himalayan ranges where the Kumaon tribe breeds these dogs.

Their appearance is said to be similar to that of the old Great Danes. They are difficult to handle sometimes and require a lot of training and are a one-person dog, and have a remarkable ability to guard and display a protective instinct against Intruders.

They have been bred for guarding and companion and need only moderate exercise.

  • Lifespan: 10 to 12 yrs
  • Weight : 50 to 60 kgs
  • Breed Nature: Aggressive and Fierce

Pandikona

Pandikona

Pandikona are hunting dog funds in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh, which is synonymous with that region’s shepherd families and very faithful and good with children. It requires from significantly less to no care.

These highly aggressive breeds used to defend homes, property, and livestock and chase any game available. Their territorial nature and sharp temperament often lead to fighting with neighboring dogs that break into their territory.

The Pandikona will usually alert the attacker to stay away. Still, the warning is brief, and the imminent attack is fast and robust.

Vanjari hound

Vanjari hound is commonly found in India as a guard and herding dog but at risk of interbreeding with other breeds and various other reasons.

Vanjari’s body is nearly hairless. They are seen primarily in uniform color. Most of them are grey or black mice, fawns, etc. In nature, they’re very alert.

Vikhan Sheep Dog

There is a fearless temperament and great intelligence in these large, muscular, and lean working breeds. However, they require early socialization as they are highly aggressive and territorial.

The rich fur comes in solid shades of black, brown, red, and fawn, but there are also rare multi-colored spotted dogs. 

Related to other Molossians in the region, the Vikhan is often described as a “giant Rough Collie” because of its abundant coat used in Pakistan as a wool substitute.

Mahratta Greyhound

Mahratta is one of the rare breeds best described as resembling the smooth-coated Saluki, unknown outside his native province of Maharashtra. It gives the impression of enduring speed coupled with functional strength.

The Mahratta is a compact, well-muscled, deep-seated, and strong-backed sighthound. This breed comes in the color of dark blue and bronze. The coat is short and offers good protection against the different elements of India.

Uncertainty prevails over the lineage of the Mahratta. The essential question remains whether the Mahratta is a descendant of the Saluki or a location of other indigenous Indian sighthounds.

Concerning the Rampur and other dogs, the small size of the Mahratta makes the most likely developmental hypothesis either Saluki heredity or a pure, ancient origin. With the high pace and concentrated energy in the province for which he was named, the Mahratta is effectively used as a coursing dog for both medium & small-sized games.

Conclusion

I would suggest people go for Indian dog breeds because they don’t know the specialty and friendly nature. But instead, they prefer to choose foreign dogs because they are physically appealing. They remain scarce, and we become the reason for their non-existence in the future.

I would be glad if you share your thoughts and feedback in the comment section. If any of the breeds are left out, feel free to mention them below.

Born and Brought up in Bangalore. Done with my B.com in Computer Applications. Currently into Digital Marketing and Blogging. Animal Lover and A Traveller. Currently, Single If you Must know. Big Fan OF Real Madrid.

17 Comments

  1. Hi Brijesh,
    First off congrats on the blog.
    Thank you for letting people know about the mans best friend breeds.
    Hope to see more of your blogs.

  2. Hi, my roots are from a village in Andhra Pradesh. My grandparents had a Dog named “Tommy”, yes, I know it’s a very common Indian dog name. When I grew up, I found out that the breed was called the “Jonangi”. They are mainly found in parts of AP and in some parts of Karnataka too. The qualities of this breed are they are a total one-man or one-family dog. Jonangis are really fast with short strides that can travel very long distances. They are also known for digging and staying inside it. Kindly add it in the article people really need to know about this dog breed as well.

  3. Beautifully written my best bud. Hope to see more such good blogs. And thanks for letting people know the worth of the Indian breeds. Ask the best

  4. Great to know there are so many breeds in Indian dogs, I knew only a few of them. Indian breed dogs also must be taken good care and adopted. I don’t understand the hype of adopting Siberian husky in hotter areas like Tamil Nadu. It suffers the most when taken out from its natural habitat. Instead please encourage people adopting Indian breeds especially street dogs. Give good medical care and vaccinations to street dog so that humans don’t get affected if dogs bites them. During lockdown so many dogs have lost lives due to hunger and water. Please keep a bowl of water and some leftover food where street dogs can eat.

    • Your right!! It’s time people are aware of Indian dog breeds, and actually not let the breed die. And ya the least we can do is Feed stray dogs water and food once in a while.

  5. I myself am a dog lover at heart, pet parent to 2(german shepherd and a labrador) but I was looking for a Desi breed and wanted some stiff and clean info about the Mudhol dog breed particularly as they are great for hunting and guarding. Cleared my head doubts and i am going for one. Thank you

  6. Being a pet lover, I got inspired by this article. Only a few are interested to talk about our country’s breeds. Many will mislead on writing about foreign breeds stating that as Indian breeds. A great thanks for this blog, keep up your work.

  7. I’m breeding Kanni dog and Chippiparai dog for more than 5 yrs. My opinion about the country breed is like people have lack of information about them. Only we as a community should talk more to reach as many as possible. Also, I have got some additional info in this Indian dog breeds blog.

    • In a world full of German shepherds, Retrievers, Doberman and labs here is a great blog about our native breeds. Well, I had “The Indian Spitz” and people mistakenly considered it as the Pomeranian and I had to clarify them all the time. Obsession you see. just looking at this shows us how much ignorance and misinformation exists about our own Indian breeds. We all need to overcome this.

  8. Radha Vinay Reply

    It’s unfortunate and extremely sad that we love to fancy foreign breeds due to our inherent nature of loving all things foreign. But our own dogs are so much more resilient to our climatic conditions, healthy and extremely smart. If you really want to do your bit for Animals and stray dogs that suffer and are helpless, here Are a few NGOs You Can Volunteer At… Animal Aid Unlimited, People For Animals, Wildlife SOS India, Red Paws Rescue, VSPCA India, SGACC, STRAW India, etc

  9. I love Dogs, But by this article I got more information regarding Our Indian Dog breeds, Indian Spitz looks like a pomeranian, And I liked Vikhan Sheep Dog that looks similar like cute Golden retriever with thick hair,I enjoyed reading this article,Thank you for sharing this informative article, Keep posting more.

  10. We own a Martha hound family dog, which is also called as you mentioned as Mudhol hound, She is so courageous and humble, proud to say that I own a Indian dog bread,and listing out Mudhol dog breed in your list also made me so happy,great share

  11. Vijay Kumar Reply

    I had a pet, It was an indian dog breed, Indian Pariah. He died 1 years back, he was with us when he was newly born, I picked him from road, he was lying all alone scared. He stayed with us for 10 years I guess and filled our life with joy. During his last days he couldn’t even walk, he used to crawl but night before he died, I don’t how he managed to come to my room and made that baby face again, as if he knew he isn’t gonna survive by morning, eventually he passed away asleep next sunday morning. I still don’t dare to see his pics. Always great to see a blog on indian dog breeds, would be very helpful for most of the visitors on the website.

  12. It’s a sad fact that Indians enjoy foreign breeds to our own. I believe that’s due to our inherent nature of loving all things foreign as well as enjoying beings that are furry, cute and groomed based on popular culture which has imbibed this into us. It’s always nice to see a post about our own dog breeds, Great Share.

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