Most people usually love dogs, call it fascination or obsession or social conformity.
People prefer foreign breeds like German shepherds, Retrievers, Doberman, and others. But only a few would choose Indian breeds.
Indian dog breeds are found in village streets, and most of them used as hunting dogs and herding dogs.
Villages know the actual value, and people living in cities with these dogs would love to have one.
You might be thinking about whether they are used only for hunting?
If you are dog owner, you might also known the type of dog food to be given
Well, no, they are helpful in many ways. You can pet a few also, and they would love to perform in shows and competitions too if you train them properly.
List of 14 Top Indian Dog Breeds
So here is a list of amazing Indian dog breeds with pictures that you might like.
Rajapalayam is an Indian Sighthound and the purest breed of hunting dogs, predominantly hunting wild boar.
It is also known as poligar hound, or Indian ghost hounds, is a south India. It hails from Rajapalayam, a town in Virudhunagar District, Tamil Nadu.
They are one of the best dog in India used by herders, and people used to call them “The Born Hunters”. Armies also use themon the borders of Kashmir.
Although the breed dates back many generations, the breed’s founders unwittingly created an albino dog with pigmentation lack ness and a pink nose.
- Lifespan: 10 to 12 yrs
- Weight : 22 to 25 kgs
- Breed Nature: Adaptable for rural and urban as well (If exercised sufficiently)
The Bully kutta, also known as the Indian Mastiff is a working dog originating from 16th century. It’s mainly from Punjab and Pakistan regions including Haryana and Delhi as well as Tamil Nadu.
It was a favorite pet of ruling family of Tanjavur and Mughal emperor Akbar used while hunting.
Bully Kutta translates literally into a heavily wrinkled Dog. The word Bully derives from the root word of the Bohli languages Hindi-Urdu and Punjabi, meaning heavily wrinkled and Kutta means dog.
They are thick-boned with a muscular structure that has a mix of British and Indian mastiffs. People normally are used for herding and guarding dogs.
They are the most common choice for guard dogs but unfortunately, many of these dogs are still bred and nurtured for dog fighting purposes.
- Lifespan: 8 to10 yrs
- Weight: 70 to 90 Kgs
- Breed Nature: Trainable, Aggressive, and Protective
Kanni means “Pure” It’s an indigenous royal dog from South India. It originated from the villages around Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi districts.
Kanni, also known as Chippiparai mainly used for coursing. It’s known as the “Maiden’s Beat Master,” which defends the territory from wild animals and is also used to guard the house.
Bred by royal families in Chippiparai, Tamil Nadu district of Virudhunagar, it has been maintained as a sign of royalty and honor mostly by the rulers of Tirunelveli and Madurai.
It is one of the rarest on the list, almost on the verge of extinction. Due to the lack of proper specimen available, no adequate effort has been taken to revive the Kanni.
- Lifespan: 14 to 16 yrs
- Weight : 16 to 22 kgs
- Breed Nature: Agile and Protective
The Indian Spitz looks like Pomeranian. Samoyed & German Spitz is a small dog with a soft neck and medium tail with a pure white double coat of about 33cm(13inc).
It was one of the most popular breeds in the 1980 s and 1990 s. It’s high-spirited, intelligent, alert, and obedient.
This is one of the dogs which has fox-like ears that makes this dog highly expressive. Thick hair protects the outside of the ears and also covers many of the insides. This means that when it comes to treatment and grooming, they need extra attention.
An Indian Spitz’s tail curls over their back and is pretty fluffy. Their legs are not very long, being just a little shorter than their bodies, making their heads look big and cute. One of the easiest dogs to live with maybe the Indian Spitz. That’s why among dog breeds, they are arguably the most popular family dog.
They are easily housebroken and trainable, so they will learn to do their business outside from an early age. It is relatively low maintenance to groom and exercise, and dogs are highly adaptable.
- Lifespan: 10 to 14 years.
- Weight : 12 to 20 kgs
- Breed Nature: Domestic, Friendly, and aggressive towards strangers
Gaddi Kutta is a mastiff-type mountain dog found in northern India, especially in the western Himalayan region and Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
It’s often confused with Tibetan Mastiff, but It’s an Indian mastiff, also known as Himalayan Sheepdog, Indian Panther Hounds, and Mahidant Mastiff and Bhutia, the former referring to the skills of the breed and the latter to its heritage.
They are one of the dangerous breeds and can be found herding flocks of sheep with the shepherd, commonly known as Gaddis.
- Lifespan: 10 to 12 yrs
- Weight : 35 to 45 kgs
- Breed nature: Friendly, Intelligent, calm, ferocious, and territorial.
The Kombai dog is found in the native of Tamil Nadu, known for its toughness and loyalty.
They are almost pushed to the brink of extinction. Still, dog lovers have revived them across Tamilnadu, which played a crucial role in popularising in other states.
They are brilliant and powerful, make excellent guard dogs, and are usually used for hunting.
They are incredibly loyal and affectionate to their owner and family.
- Lifespan: 13 to14 yrs
- Weight : 15 to 20 kgs
- Breed Nature: Aggressive and Savage
Mudhol Hound, also known as Martha hound, Pashmi hound, and the Kathiawar dogs, is a sighthound from India mainly used for hunting and guarding around Mudhol town Karnataka.
It gets its name from a place called Bagalkot. It was called the caravan hounds by the Britishers.
They are to be found in Karnataka, Maharashtra, and a few parts of Telangana.
- Lifespan: 10 to 12 yrs
- weight : 10 to 14 kgs
- Breed Nature: Loyal, Graceful and Courageous
Bakharwal Dog is found in the Himalayan range of Northern India.
It’s an ancient breed found across the Pir Panjal Range, where it has been bred for many centuries by the Bakarwal and Gujjar tribes.
Bakarwal is a medium to a big, strong, heavy bone dog. It is an athletic and vigorous breed, a typical mountain dog with a fluffy coat and plumy tail that gives it a majestic appearance. It looks like Tibetan Mastiff’s medium version.
It’s primarily black at the toes and chest with white. They have a vegan diet consisting mainly of rice chaff, maize, and milk rolls, but some people also claim that they can be fed meat.
- Lifespan: 8 to 12 yrs
- Weight : 25 to 35 kgs
- Breed Nature: Loyal, Rugged and Serious
Indian Pariah Dog
Indian pariah dogs are also known as (देशी) pariah. It’s the oldest breeds in the sub-continent. It is considered one of the toughest and healthiest.
They live among humans and are quite comfortable and makes good guard and police dogs.
It is a square, medium-sized body with a slightly rectangular form and short hair. The dog’s fur is double, a coarse upper coat, and a soft undercoat.
They can make good pets if raised from pets and will protect their owners.
- Life span: 10 to 12 yrs
- Weight: 15 to 25 yrs
- Breed Nature: adaptable to any climate conditions and smartest breed on Indian soil.
Kumaon Mastiff is one of the most muscular breeds, mainly found in Himalayan ranges where the Kumaon tribe breeds these dogs.
Their appearance is said to be similar to that of the old Great Danes. They are difficult to handle sometimes and require a lot of training and are a one-person dog, and have a remarkable ability to guard and display a protective instinct against Intruders.
They have been bred for guarding and companion and need only moderate exercise.
- Lifespan: 10 to 12 yrs
- Weight : 50 to 60 kgs
- Breed Nature: Aggressive and Fierce
Pandikona are hunting dog funds in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh, which is synonymous with that region’s shepherd families and very faithful and good with children. It requires from significantly less to no care.
These highly aggressive breeds used to defend homes, property, and livestock and chase any game available. Their territorial nature and sharp temperament often lead to fighting with neighboring dogs that break into their territory.
The Pandikona will usually alert the attacker to stay away. Still, the warning is brief, and the imminent attack is fast and robust.
Vanjari hound is commonly found in India as a guard and herding dog but at risk of interbreeding with other breeds and various other reasons.
Vanjari’s body is nearly hairless. They are seen primarily in uniform color. Most of them are grey or black mice, fawns, etc. In nature, they’re very alert.
Vikhan Sheep Dog
There is a fearless temperament and great intelligence in these large, muscular, and lean working breeds. However, they require early socialization as they are highly aggressive and territorial.
The rich fur comes in solid shades of black, brown, red, and fawn, but there are also rare multi-colored spotted dogs.
Related to other Molossians in the region, the Vikhan is often described as a “giant Rough Collie” because of its abundant coat used in Pakistan as a wool substitute.
Mahratta is one of the rare breeds best described as resembling the smooth-coated Saluki, unknown outside his native province of Maharashtra. It gives the impression of enduring speed coupled with functional strength.
The Mahratta is a compact, well-muscled, deep-seated, and strong-backed sighthound. This breed comes in the color of dark blue and bronze. The coat is short and offers good protection against the different elements of India.
Uncertainty prevails over the lineage of the Mahratta. The essential question remains whether the Mahratta is a descendant of the Saluki or a location of other indigenous Indian sighthounds.
Concerning the Rampur and other dogs, the small size of the Mahratta makes the most likely developmental hypothesis either Saluki heredity or a pure, ancient origin. With the high pace and concentrated energy in the province for which he was named, the Mahratta is effectively used as a coursing dog for both medium & small-sized games.
I would suggest people go for Indian dog breeds because they don’t know the specialty and friendly nature. But instead, they prefer to choose foreign dogs because they are physically appealing. They remain scarce, and we become the reason for their non-existence in the future.
I would be glad if you share your thoughts and feedback in the comment section. If any of the breeds are left out, feel free to mention them below.